From October to December 2016, in three countries (Albania, Macedonia and Italy) were distributed 3 000 questionnaires, 1 000 for each country.
The subject was schools in the city centres, but also in the suburbs of the cities, where usually live disadvantaged groups of society.
This process passed in two phases:
– The distribution of the questionnaires, drafted by experts, cultural operators, psychologists,
scholars of literature and the collection of the completed questionnaires.
– Drafting of the reports – survey.
A special staff of each partner, for two entire months, was engaged in the manual distribution and collection of 3 000 questionnaires.
The questionnaire circulated even in social networks and via e-mail.
The main objective of this research :
– to investigate the reading habits of stories, legends, myths, fairy tales, etc., beliefs and attitudes of children and young readers in Albania, Italia and Macedonia.
The aim of survey:
– to support parents, teachers and other literacy professionals in promoting wider reading.
The main target: children and young readers (6-15 years old).
From the survey data, the specialists will draft a report which will be published in February.
“Readers of the future” project
with the support of Creative Europe Programme
December 2016 – January 2017
Background: General situation with children’s literature in Macedonia and its history
In Macedonia, the foundation of children’s literature lies in folklore – folk children’s songs and speech games (lullabies, tongue twisters, etc.), and also in folk stories (fairy tales and fables). The origin of children’s literature is related to the work of the first teachers and educators in the XIX century (to the didactic plays of Jordan Hadzhi Konstantinov-Dzhinot, who published the first primer in Macedonian – Tablica pervaja, and to the children’s songs of Grigor Prlichev – Vospitanie i dvanaeset pesni za deca), and during the romanticism, which in Macedonia is mainly characterized by collecting folklore and publishing of folk songs and stories, the first publication of children’s songs (children’s folklore) appears, the Collection of folks songs by the Miladinov brothers.
According to Macedonian literature history, the rise of Macedonian children’s literature happens after the Second World War. In the first phase of the development of children’s literature, the first postwar generation of writers (who write in the period when the foundations of Macedonian language are being laid) are the key players, including the founders of children’s literature: Vancho Nikoleski, Boris Bojadzhiski, Vasil Kunoski, Slavko Janevski, Jordan Leov and Lazo Karovski. The second phase is marked by the writers: Gligor Popovski, Srbo Ivanovski, Cane Andreevski, Bistrica Mirkulovska, Genadi Bolinovski, Evgenija Shuplinova, Ivan Ivanovski, Jovan Strezovski, Miho Atanasovski, Vidoe Podgorec, Olivera Nikolova, Boshko Smakjoski, and writers of children’s literature who according to their age belong in this generations, but became known later on – Vidoe Vidicheski, Risto Davchevski and Zhivko Chingo, whose books have become part of the obligatory books in schools. In the third phase, after 1959, a group of new children’s writers emerges, including: Kiro Donev, Dragan Janevski, Nenad Dzhambazov, Milutin Bebekovski, Vasil Pujovski, Gorjan Petrevski, Liljana Beleva, Hristo Petrevski, Svetlana Hristova Jocikj, Kata Misirkova Rumenova, Stojan Tarapuza, Dzvonko Stojanovikj, Vancho Polazarevski, etc. Jadranka Vladova, Aleksandar Prokopiev, Marija Emilija Kukubajska and others belong to the new generation of writers.
Reading Habits in children of 6-16 age old
Publishing House DITURIA
December 2016 – January 2017
Do children read? Do they read a lot, very little, or not at all? Do they read more than the adults? What nonschool books do they read? What non-school books do they like? Usually to these questions people tend to
respond based on their personal experiences. A teacher tells for her/his students that “they can barely read school books”, a young person responds “yes, we read, but we rarely discuss/talk about books with friends”, a parent speaks about the children by saying “we try and buy all the books, but now they are being confused by the tablet and mobiles”. While when a publisher is asked, usually their response depends on book sales (which is of course an indication), which are always falling. However, these remain opinions in empirical levels.
Reading models worldwide give us this global view: on the one hand, the amount of information is growing and companies have quick access to information; on the other, many people are unable, for various reasons, both objective and subjective ones, to get this huge amount of information. This society has new requirements for people. In any case, reading has remained the main demand. And in this situation “reading crisis” is an accepted
fact in the world today. Strategies for reading are developed, initiatives are taken to maintain the number of readers, to increase this number, to gain new readers by stimulating the interest in reading, to organize cooperation between publishing houses, libraries and schools, in a word useful efforts are made to educate and consolidate the reading habits.
In 2016, under the project “Readers of the Future”, a Cooperation Project with Macedonian and Italian partners, in several cities of Albania: Tirana, Vlora, Kavaja and Peqin was held a survey which aims to get answers to
some habits and preferences of children about reading. We hope that the information gathered and especially their analysis in the social, economic, cultural context, will serve everyone, teachers, professionals, parents and
policy makers to understand the importance of reading and join the movement in support of book reading, in schools and at home as well. To give children the right book and the proper time to read, because it motivates them to read more, to understand more, and to know more. That is our message. We want to awaken in children the passion for reading and help teachers to communicate this enthusiasm.
The survey is part of a comparative study on a wider platform, even among other partners of project, respectively Tabernakul Publishing House, Skopje, Macedonia, and Associazione Agenzia Arcipelago, Napoli, Italy.